Data Base Management System.
Once a transaction has been authorized,
the merchant must ship the hard goods
before a transaction can be settled.
Delayed settlements are stored online until
the merchant selects the transactions for
When pages are removed from a search
engines index. This may happen because
they have been banned or for other
reasons, such as an accidental glitch on
the search engine's part.
A temporary connection between machines
established over a standard phone line,
usually by means of modems.
A message that contains multiple individual
postings to a mailing list or newsgroup.
Example: LinkExchange Daily Digest.
A Digital Certificate issued by a Certificate
Authority certifies that a merchant and a
particular website are connected, just as a
photo on your driver's licence connects
your identity with your personal details. A
digital certificate verifies to the shopper
that the virtual store is actually associated
with a physical address and phone number
which can increase the shoppers confidence
in the authenticity of the merchant.
A type of search engine where listings are
gathered through human efforts, rather
than by automated crawling of the web.
In directories, web sites are often reviewed,
summarized in about 25 words, and placed
in a particular category.
The method through which a product is sold
including retailers, catalogers, internet
commerce websites, etc.
(Dynamic Link Library): A set of shared
functions and procedures used by
applications that can be loaded or unloaded
at any time by the applications.
(Domain Name Server): A program running
on a server which automatically translates
domain names into their correct TCP/IP
The unique name of an internet website or
internet address. It is the English language
standard for a computer system's TCP/IP
numeric address such as 18.104.22.168.
Domain names always have 2 or more
parts, separated by dots such as
christcenteredmall.com. Currently there are
6 types of domain names used in the U.S.:
.com is used for businesses, .edu for
educational institutions, .gov for
government agencies, .org for
organizations, .mil for military, and .net for
A web page created expressly in hopes of
ranking well for a term in a search engine's
non-paid listings and which itself does not
deliver much information to those viewing it.
Instead, visitors will often see only some
enticement on the doorway page leading
them to other pages (i.e., "Click Here To
Enter), or they may be automatically
propelled quickly past the doorway page.
With cloaking, they may never see the
doorway page at all. Several search engines
have guidelines against doorway pages,
though they are more commonly allowed in
through paid inclusion programs. Also
referred to as bridge pages, gateway pages,
and jump pages, among other names.
The Disk Operating System that preceded
Windows but that has receded in
importance with each new version of
The transfer of information or data such as
a file or program from the a host or source
computer to your computer which is the
browsing the internet.
The shipping of a product directly from the
manufacturer to the customer without
requiring inventory carrying by the retailer.
Digital Simultaneous Voice and Data.
Electronic Data Interchange): It allows
companies to place orders, bid on projects,
and make payments over the internet or
Also known as e-commerce; this term
refers to sales or other business
transactions over the internet or private
A foundation that addresses social and legal
issues arising from the impact of computers
Software that can be purchased
and downloaded directly from the
Short term for electronic mail; it refers to a
message sent from one person to one or
more other persons over the internet or a
private network. On the Internet the e-mail
protocol most commonly used is called
SMTP (standard mail transfer protocol).
An electronic location for sending and
receiving e-mail. An e-mail address is made
up of several parts. The first part of the
address, the username, identifies a unique
user on a server. The @ symbol separates
the username from the host name. The host
name uniquely identifies the server
computer and is the last part of the Internet
email address. The three-letter suffix in the
host name identifies the kind of
organization operating the server. The most
common suffixes are: .com (commercial),
.edu (educational), .gov (government),
.mil (military), .net (networking), and .org
(non-commercial). Two letter suffixes
generally identify a geographical area: .uk
(United Kingdom), .de (Germany), .ca
(Canada), etc. See international domain
A UNIX email program based on a server
equivalent to Netscape mail, user agent
which sends out e-mail, and stores
messages for users to read, or send directly
from the server.
The basis of network security. Encryption
encodes network packets to prevent
anyone except the intended recipient from
accessing the data.
The most common method of networking
computers in a LAN (local area network).
The Ethernet processes about 10,000,000
bits-per-second and is used with almost
any kind of computer.
(Frequently Asked Questions): FAQ's are
lists that answer the most common
questions on a particular topic. There are
thousands of FAQ's on the web covering a
multitude of subjects. FAQ's are often
grouped together, along with their answers,
and posted to help newcomers become
informed about a specific subject such as
a newsgroup or a web site. They are usually
written by people who are tired of
answering the same questions over and
A combination of hardware and software
that separates LAN (local area network)
into two or more parts for security
Originally, flame meant to carry on a fierce
and honorable debate. Flames often
involved the use of flowery language and
flaming was an art form. More recently,
flame has come to refer to any kind of
vicious, derogatory, or mean-spirited
comment used in email or in public forums
such as newsgroups and discusssion lists.
There is little danger of getting any on the
Occurs when an online discussion
degenerates into a series of personal
attacks against the debators, rather than
discussion of their positions.
Online electronic forms that you can
complete on the Web, if you have a forms-
capable web browser such as Netscape
Navigator or Internet Explorer.
A network system made up of community-
based bulletin board systems with email,
information services, interactive
communications, and conferencing. They
are usually funded and operated by
individuals or organizations who wish to
make computer networking services freely
available as public libraries.
Software that you can distribute freely and
use for free, but for which the author often
retains the copyright, which means that it
can't be modified.
(File Transfer Protocol): A system for
moving or copying files from a remote
computer (called an FTP site) to their own
computer over the internet. FTP is a
method of logging into another internet site
for the purposes of retrieving and/or
sending files. Many internet sites have
publicly accessible databanks of
downloadable material that can be obtained
by using FTP. These sites are often referred
to as Anonymous FTP sites because anyone
can log in using the UserID "anonymous"
and their email address as a password.
Used to connect networks that use
different protocols (not to be confused
with a CGI gateway). For instance, one
network uses some specific protocol but is
connected to the internet which uses IP.
The gateway converts incoming IP traffic
into the network's own protocol and vice
See doorway page.
A compiled script or executable file written
for use with a web server's gateway
interface. Also known as CGI program.
The act of searching for someone's name
on the Google Search Engine in order to
find out more information on that person.
Older Internet software that breaks up the
subjects on the Net into items and displays
all the items on the Net as menus or
directories. Like Archie and other early
internet tools, WWW browsers have
replaced the function of gopher.
A picture or non-text item within a web
Banners, and other types of advertising
units which can be synchronized to search
keywords. Includes pop-ups, browser
toolbars, and rich media.
This term refers to software applications
that facilitate shared work on documents
(Graphical User Interface): Software such
as web browsers that displays the internet
in graphical form.